Analisis Kinerja Pompa Sentrifugal pada Variasi Trim Diameter Menggunakan Simulasi Numerik


  • Joko Waluyo Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University
  • Kevin Mahardhika Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
  • Rahmat Waluyo Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta



Performance, Centrifugal Pump, Trimmed Diameter, Numerical Simulation


Diameter trimming is one of the most common modification on centrifugal pump impeller aimed to keep conformity between pump performance and required head and flow rate. In its application, centrifugal pump performance with trimmed diameter could be predicted by using affinity equations which based on geometrical similarity between pre- and post-trimming impeller. However, diameter trimming also alter the dimension ratio in blade passage which prompt further investigation on performance prediction of pump with trimmed impeller diameter. This research is carried out by using numerical simulation to analyze performance of pump with trimmed impeller diameter. The simulation is conducted on radial-type centrifugal pump with impeller diameter  105 mm, inlet blade angle 200, outlet blade angle 280, and operating on mass flow rate 1.5 kg/s at rotational speed 2800 rpm. RNG k-e model is used to model turbulence while trimmed diameter values are 100 mm and 95 mm. Results indicate that there is significant differences on head and consumed power between predicted value by simulation and predicted value obtained by employing affinity equations.

Author Biography

Joko Waluyo, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I am a lecturer in department of mechanical and industrial engineering, faculty of engineering, Gadjah Mada University.My research area is on Energy System Simulation and Optimization


HUANG. R., ZHANG, Z., ZHANG, W., MOU, J., ZHOU, P., WANG, Y., “Energy performance prediction of the centrifugal pumps by using hybrid neural networkâ€, Energy, 213, 2020

SAVAR, M., KOZMAR, H., DAN SUTLOVIC, I., “Improving centrifugal pump efficiency by impeller trimmingâ€, Desalination, 654-659, 2009.

STICKLAND, M. T., SCANLON, T. J., “An Experimental Study of Unsteady Pressure distribution around the Impeller Outlet of Centrifugal Pumpâ€, ASME 2000 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, Boston: ASME, 2000.

SADEK, A., SALEH, I., NASSIF, R., MOURIS, E., “Experimental Study of the Effect of Blade Configurations on the Performance of Centrifugal Pumpsâ€, Cairo: Aerospace Sciences and Aviation Technology, 2013.

ELYAMIN, G. R., BASSILY, M. A., KHALIL, K. Y., “Effect of impeller blades number on the performance of a centrifugal pumpâ€, Alexandria Engineering Journal, 58(1), pp. 39-48, 2019.

TAN, L., ZHU, B., CAO, S., BING, H., WANG, Y.,â€Influence of Blade Wrap Angle on Centrifugal Pump Performance by Numerical and Experimental Studyâ€, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 27(1), pp. 171-177, 2013.

BACHAROUDIS, E., FILIOS, A., MENTZOS, M., MARGARIS, D., “Parametric Study of a Centrifugal Pump Impeller by Varying the Outlet Blade Angleâ€, The Open Mechanical Engineering Journal, 2(1), pp. 75-83, 2008.

YOUSEFI, H., NOOROLLAHI, Y., TAHANI, M., FAHIMI, R., “Numerical simulation for obtaining optimal impeller's blade parameters of a centrifugal pump for high-viscosity fluid pumpingâ€, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, pp. 16-26, 2019.

DING, H., LI, Z., GONG, X., LI, M., “The influence of blade outlet angle on the performance of centrifugal pump Vacuumâ€, vol 1 (159), pp. 239-246, 2019.

ALEMI, H., NOURBAKHSH, S. A., RAISEE, M., NAJAFI, F., “Development of new multi volute casing geometries for radial force reduction in centrifugal pumpsâ€, Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, pp. 1-11, 2015.

KELDER, J., DIJKERS, R., ESCH, B. V., KNYT, N., “Experimental and theoretical study of the flow in the volute of a low specific-speed pumpâ€, Journal of Fluid Dynamic Research, pp. 267-280, 2001.

MEAKHAIL, T. A., SALEM, M., DAN SHAFIE, I., “Steady and unsteady flow inside a centrifugal pump for two different impellersâ€, International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, pp. 65-76, 2014.

RAMIREZ, R., AVILA, E., LOPEZ, L., BULA A., DUARTE FORERO, J., “CFD characterization and optimization of the cavitation phenomeneon in dredging centrifugal pumpsâ€, Alexandria Engineering Journal, 59(1), pp. 291-309, 2020