Analisa Energi pada Alat Desalinasi Air Laut Tenaga Surya Model Lereng Tunggal

Authors

  • Munawar Alfansury Siregar Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara
  • Wawan Septiawan Damanik Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara
  • Sudirman Lubis Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2021.012.01.21

Keywords:

Solar Desalination, Single Slope, Solar Still

Abstract

The use of solar energy every day is increasing due to the greater human need for energy. the application of solar desalination equipment is classified as a renewable technology that is very profitable because the energy used is obtained for free and does not cause damage to the environment. This study examines the performance of the solar desalination device with a single slope model with a passive system. It is hoped that greater energy absorption is expected to accelerate the process of evaporation of seawater in the evaporator so as to produce lots of clean water. The desalination tool on the surface of the wall is insulated using aluminum foil with a thickness of 20 mm. The highest solar intensity was obtained on the fifth day of testing, namely 420.85 W/m2 with the radiation heat transfer coefficient of 18.44 W/m2 oC, and the lowest solar intensity on the second day, namely 96.89 W/m2 with the lowest total outside heat transfer coefficient of 25.57 W/m2 oC. The highest evaporative heat transfer coefficient is 10.54 W/m2 oC and the lowest is 4.42 W/m2 oC. the lowest energy absorbed by the evaporator on the second day was 1.37 kWh. And the highest efficiency on the fifth day reached 58.89% and the lowest energy efficiency on the second day, namely 34.05%.

References

W. S. DAMANIK, F. H. NAPITUPULU, A. H. NASUTION, and H. AMBARITA, “Energy analysis of double slope aktive solar still,†in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 725, no. 1, March. 2020.

G. N. TIWARI and L. SAHOTA, “Review on the energy and economic ef fi ciencies of passive and active solar distillation systems,†Desalination, vol. 401, pp. 151–179, 2017, 2017.

L. SAHOTA and G. N. TIWARI, “Effect of nano fl uids on the performance of passive double slope solar still : A comparative study using characteristic curve,†Desalination, vol. 388, pp. 9–21, 2016.

M. A. SIREGAR and W. S. DAMANIK, “Energy analysis desalination of single slope solar still,†in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 821, no. 1, 2020.

L. SAHOTA, SHYAM, and G. N. TIWARI, “Energy matrices, enviroeconomic and exergoeconomic analysis of passive double slope solar still with water based nanofluids,†Desalination, vol. 409, pp. 66–79, 2017.

D. B. SINGH and G. N. TIWARI, “Effect of energy matrices on life cycle cost analysis of partially covered photovoltaic compound parabolic concentrator collector active solar distillation system,†Desalination, vol. 397, pp. 75–91, 2016.

D. B. SINGH and I. M. AL-HELAL, “Energy metrics analysis of N identical evacuated tubular collectors integrated double slope solar still,†Desalination, Vol.432, pp. 10-22, 2018.

L. SAHOTA, SHYAM, and G. N. TIWARI, “Analytical characteristic equation of nanofluid loaded active double slope solar still coupled with helically coiled heat exchanger,†Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 135, pp. 308–326, 2017.

L. SAHOTA and G. N. TIWARI, “Review on series connected photovoltaic thermal (PVT) systems: Analytical and experimental studies,†Sol. Energy, vol. 150, pp. 96–127, 2017.

G. N. TIWARI and L. SAHOTA, “Exergy and Technoeconomic analysis of solar thermal desalinationâ€, Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook, chapter 14, India, Elsevier Inc, 2018.

M. D. S. IRSYAD, MUHAMMAD, AMRIZAL, AJI MUHAMMAD YULIAN, “Karakteristik Perpindahan Panas Alat Penukar Kalor Tipe Staggered Fins Berisi Material Fasa Berubah Dari Minyak Kelapa Pada Proses Pembekuan,†Rekayasa Mesin, vol. 11, no. July, pp. 159–164, 2020.

A. AGRAWAL, R. S. RANA, and P. K. SRIVASTAVA, “Resource-Efficient Technologies Heat transfer coefficients and productivity of a single slope single basin solar still in Indian climatic condition : Experimental and theoretical comparison,†Resour. Technol., vol. 0, pp. 1–17, 2017.

A. AGRAWAL and R. S. RANA, “Theoretical and experimental performance evaluation of single-slope single-basin solar still with multiple V-shaped fl oating wicks,†Heliyon, Vol.5, p. e01525, April. 2019.

I. ALTARAWNEH, S. RAWADIEH, M. BATIHA, and L. MKHADMEH, “Experimental and numerical performance analysis and optimization of single slope , double slope and pyramidal shaped solar stills,†Desalination, vol. 423, pp. 124–134, February. 2017.

P. DUMKA, A. SHARMA, Y. KUSHWAH, A. S. RAGHAV, and D. R. MISHRA, “Performance evaluation of single slope solar still augmented with sand-filled cotton bags,†J. Energy Storage, vol. 25, p. 100888, July. 2019.

D. B. SINGH, J. K. YADAV, V. K. DWIVEDI, S. KUMAR, G. N. TIWARI, and I. M. AL-HELAL, “Experimental studies of active solar still integrated with two hybrid PVT collectors,†Solar Energy, Vol.130, pp. 207-223, February. 2016.

I. ALTARAWNEH, S. RAWADIEH, M. BATIHA, and L. AL-MAKHADMEH, “Experimental and numerical performance analysis and optimization of single slope , double slope and pyramidal shaped solar stills,†Desalination, vol. 423, pp. 124–134, September. 2017.

C. A. SIREGAR, “Pengaruh Jarak Kaca Terhadap Efisiensi Alat Destilasi Air Laut yang Memanfaatkan Energi Matahari di Kota Medan,†J. Mech. Eng. Manuf. Mater. Energy, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 51, 2019.

D. B. SINGH, G. N. TIWARI, I. M. AL-HELAL, V. K. DWIVEDI, and J. K. YADAV, “Effect of energy matrices on life cycle cost analysis of passive solar stills,†Solar Energy, vol. 134, pp. 9–22, 2016.

M. SHADI, S. ABUJAZAR, S. FATIHAH, A. R. RAKMI, and M. Z. SHAHROM, “The effects of design parameters on productivity performance of a solar still for seawater desalination : A review,†Desalination, vol. 385, pp. 178–193, 2016.

Downloads

Published

2021-05-31

Issue

Section

Articles