Karakteristik Densitas Dan Indeks Bias Minyak Atsiri Daun Jambu Kristal (Psidium Guajava) Menggunakan Metode Microwave Hydrodistillation Dengan Variabel Daya Dan Rasio Bahan : Pelarut

Nove Kartika Erliyanti, Anugerah Dany Priyanto, Caecilia Pujiastuti

Abstract


Crystal seedless guava is a new horticultural commodity that is cultivated in Indonesia and has many benefits. Crystal seedless guava has the potential of essential oil to be extracted from the leaves. Extraction using the microwave hydrodistillation method is an alternative to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the essential oil extraction process. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of microwave power and the feed to solvent ratio toward the characteristics of density and refractive index of essential oil from crystal seedless guava leaves. The reduced size crystal seedless guava leaves were extracted by microwave using aquadest as solvents with the feed to leaves. The ratio of feed to solvents used in this study was 1:4, 1:5, 1:6, and 1:7 (weight/volume or w/v). The second variables were performed using various microwave powers of 300, 450, and 600 Watts. The extraction conditions were carried out at ± 100 oC at one atmospheric pressure for three hours. The results showed that microwave powers and material to solvent ratios had significantly effect toward the density of essential oil from crystal seedless guava leaves. However, the variables had no significant difference in the value of the refractive index. The higher number of microwave powers and the solvent to feed ratios had a higher number of density. The highest density and refractive indexes were 0.948 grams/ml and 1,49862, respectively. The best extraction condition to extract the essential oil from crystal seedless guava leaves using microwave hydrodistillation was performed by microwave power of 600 Watt with 1:7 (w:v) as leaves to solvent ratio.

Keywords


Crystal Seedless Guava Leaf; Essential Oil; Extraction; Microwave Hydrodistillation

Full Text:

PDF

References


ERLIYANTI, N. K., and ROSYIDAH, E., “Pengaruh Daya Microwave terhadap Yield pada Ekstraksi Minyak Atsiri dari Bunga Kamboja (Plumeria alba) Menggunakan Metode Microwave Hydrodistilla-tion”, Jurnal Rekaya Mesin, v. 8, n. 3, pp. 175 – 178, 2017.

PUTRI, D. K. Y., DEWI, I. E. P., KUSUMA, H. S., and MAHFUD, M. “Extraction of An Essential Oil from Fresh Cananga Flowers (Cananga odorata) Using Solvent-Free Microwave Method”, Journal of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, v. 54, n. 4, pp. 793 – 802, March. 2019.

KUSUMA, H. S., and MAHFUD, M., “The Extraction of Essential Oils from Patchouli Leaves (Pogo-stemon cablin Benth) Using a Microwave Air-Hydrodistillation Method as a New Green Technique”, Royal Society of Chemistry Advances, v. 7, pp. 1336 – 1347, 2016.

WELI, A., AL-SABAHI, A., AL-SABAHI, J., SAID, S., HOSSAIN, A., and AL-RIYAMI, S., “Chemical Composition and Biological Activities of The Essential Oils of Psidium guajava Leaf”, Journal of King Saud University-Science, July. 2018.

SATYAL, P., PAUDEL, P., LAMICHHANE, B., and SETZER, W.N., “Leaf Essential Oil Composition and Bioactivity of Psidiun guajava from Kathmandu, Nepal”, American Journal of Essential Oils and Natural Products, v. 3, n.2, pp. 11 – 14, 2015.

WANG, L., WU, Y., HUANG, T., SHI, K., and WU, Z., “Chemical Compositions, Antioxidant and An-timicrobial Activities of essential Oils of Psidium guajava L, Leaves from Different Geographic Regions in China”, Chemsitry & Biodversity, 14(9), 2017.

ZENG, Q. H., ZHAO, J. B., JING, J. J., ZHANG, X. W., and JIANG, J. G., “Comparative Extraction Pro-cesses, Volatile Compounds Analysis and Antioxidant Activities of Essential Oils from Cirsium japoni-cum Fisch. Ex DC and Cirsium setosum (Willd.) M. Bieb”, Food Science and Technology, 68, pp. 595 – 605, January. 2016.

DAMYEH, M. S., NIAKOUSARI, M., and SAHARKHIZ, M. J., “Ultrasound Pretreatment Impact on Prangos ferulacea Lindl. and Satureja macrosiphonia Bornm. Essential Oil Extraction and Comparing Their Physicochemical and Biological Properties”, Industrial Crops and Products, 87, pp. 105 – 115, April. 2016.

LIU, Z., CHEN, Z., HAN, F., KANG, X., GU, H., and YANG, L., “Microwave-Assisted Method for Simul-taneous Hydrolysis and Extraction in Obtaining Ellagic Acid, Gallic Acid and Essential Oil from Euca-lyptus globulus Leaves Using Bronsted Acidic Ionic Liquid [HO3S(CH2)4mim]HSO4”, Industrial Crops and Products, 81, pp. 152 – 161, 2016.

THAKKER, M. R., PARIKH, J. K., and DESAI, M. A., “Microwave Assisted Extraction of Essential Oil from The Leaves of Palmarosa: Multi-Response Optimization and Predictive Modelling”, Industrial Crops and Products, 86, pp. 311 – 319, March. 2016.

KUSUMA, H. S., and MAHFUD, M., Microwave Hydrodistillation for Extraction of Essential Oil from Pogostemon cablin Benth: Analysis and Modelling of Extraction Kinetics”, Journal of Applied Re-search on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, v.4, pp. 46 – 54, 2017.

SYAHPUTRA, M. E., PARASANDI, D., and MAHFUD, M., “Esktraksi Minyak Nilam dengan Metode Microwave Hydrodistillation dan Soxhlet Extraction”, Jurnal Teknik ITS, v. 6, n. 2, pp. A602 – A604, 2017.

TRIESTY, I., and MAHFUD, M., “Ekstraksi Minyak Atsiri dari Gaharu (Aquilaria malaccensis) dengan Menggunakan Metode Microwave Hydrodistillation dan Soxhlet Extraction”, Jurnal Teknik ITS, v. 6, n. 2, pp. F392 – F395, 2017.

IBRAHIM, A. M., YUNIANTA, and SRIHERFYNA, F. H., “Pengaruh Suhu dan Lama Waktu Ekstraksi terhadap Sifat Kimia dan Fisik pada Pembuatan Minuman Sari Jahe Merah ( Zingiber off-cinate var. Rubrum) dengan Kombinasi Penambahan Madu sebagai Pemanis”, Jurnal Pangan dan Agroindustri, v. 3, n. 2, pp. 530 – 541, April. 2015.

NUGRAHENI, K. S., KHASANAH, L. U., UTAMI, R., and ANANDITO, B. K., “Pengaruh Perlakuan Pendahuluan dan Variasi Metode Destilasi terhadap Karakteristik Mutu Minyak Atsiri Daun Kayu Manis (C. Burmanii)”, Jurnal Teknologi Hasil Pertanian, v. 9, n. 2, pp. 51 – 64, Agustus. 2016.

METAXAS, A., C., Foundation of Electroheat: A Unified Approach, New York, Wiley, 1996.

KUSUMA, H. S., PUTRI, D. K. Y., TRIESTY, I., and MAHFUD, M., “Comparison of Microwave Hy-drodistillation and Solvent-Free Microwave Extraction for Extraction Agarwood Oil”, Chiang Mai Journal of Science, v. 46, n. 4, pp. 741 – 755, February. 2019.

PRATIWI, L., RACHMAN, M. S., and HIDAYAH, N., “Ekstraksi Minyak Atsiri dari Bunga Cengkeh dengan Pelarut Etanol dan N-Heksana”, The 3rd University Research Coloquium, pp. 131 – 137, 2016.

PRIYONO, K., RUDI, F., and RACHMAWATI, S. “Pengambilan Minyak Atsiri dari Rimpang Jahe Me-rah Menggunakan Metode Distilasi Uap dan Ekstraksi Air dengan Pemanas Microwave”, In: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia “Kejuangan”, Pengembangan Teknologi Kimia untuk Pengolahan Sumber Daya Alam Indonesia, pp. G5-1 – G5-7, Yogyakarta, April. 2018.

KUSYANTO, RAHAYU, I. K., BIMANTARA, J., and ADHIKSANA, A., “Pengaruh Daya Microwave terhadap Peningkatan Rendemen Minyak Nilam (PogosTemon Cablin Benth) dengan Destilasi Steam-Air Menggunakan Gelombang Mikro”, In: Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian (SNP2M), pp. 87 – 92, 2017.

GEORGE, A. K., and SINGH, R. N., “Correlation of Refractive Index and Density of Crude Oil and Liquid Hydrocarbon”, International Journal of Chemical, Environmental & Biological Sciences (UCEBS), v. 3, n. 5, pp. 420 – 422, 2015.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2020.011.02.11

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.