Karakteristik Pembakaran Wood Pellet Stove dengan Variasi Geometri dan Blockage Ratio Flame Connector

Lilis Yuliati, Nurkholis Hamidi, Mega Nur Sasongko, Ibrahim Ahmad Ibadurrohman

Abstract


This research was intended to investigate the effect of the geometry and blockage ratio of the flame connector on the combustion characteristics of wood pellets on a wood pellet stove. Combustion characteristics observed in this research included flame visualization, flame temperature, specific fuel consumption, and corrected-specific fuel consumption. Two types of geometry were used as a flame connector, i.e. disk and cone; for each geometry, the blockage ratio was varied at 0,6, 0,7, and 0,8. The blockage ratio was varied by change the number of the circular hole on the flame connector. Combustion in wood pellet stove without flame connector was then used as a comparison. The flame visualization test was applied to find out the color and dimensions of the flame, which was then used to determine the temperature on this flame. The water boiling test method version 4.2.3 was used to determine specific fuel consumption and corrected specific fuel consumption. The combustion chamber of the wood pellet stove has a dimension of 15 cm diameter and 20 cm height. Wood pellet supply used intermittent - continuous feeding system with a mass flow rate of 16 gram/minute. Flame visualization shows that stove with cone flame connector has a larger flame dimension and flame dimension decreases with the increasing of blockage ratio. The highest flame temperature occurred near the outlet of the combustion chamber, the same conditions were observed in all variations experiment.  The application of flame connector involves greater specific fuel consumption due to longer boiling time. However, a correction factor by considering the amount of evaporated water results from corrected specific fuel consumption of wood pellet stove with cone flame connector which is smaller compared to the other type of wood pellet stove.

Keywords


Flame Connector Geometry; Blockage Ratio; Combustion Characteristics; Water Boiling Test; Intermittent - Continuous Feeding System

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2019.010.03.13

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