Optimasi Parameter Proses Bubut Material ST 60 dengan Pendinginan Ramah Lingkungan Menggunakan Metode Taguchi-Grey





Lathe, Material Removal Rate, Optimization, Surface Roughness, Taguchi, Grey Relational Analysis


Every production process always needs to produce high quality with high productivity. However, in machining processes, qualities such as surface roughness and productivity such as material removal rates have different characteristics. Surface roughness has the quality characteristics smaller the better, while the material removal rate has larger the better. Therefore, determining the combination of lathe parameters is very important to get optimal results. A study has been carried out to determine the combination of lathe process on ST 60 material with an environmentally friendly cooling method to minimize surface roughness response and maximize material processing rates simultaneously. The coolant (cold soluble oil and air pressure), spindle rotation (550 rpm, 700 rpm and 1200 rpm), feed motion (0.053 mm / rev., 0.103 mm / rev and 0.161 mm / rev) and depth of cut (0.125 mm, 0.25 mm and 0.5 mm) were used as process parameters. The tool used in this study is a CNMG insert tool with a 0.4 mm corner radius. The experimental design was determined using the Taguchi method in the form of orthogonal matrix L18 (21x33). The optimization method used is the grey relational analysis. The results showed that an optimal surface roughness response and material removal rate obtained by setting the coolant process at level 1 of cold soluble oil, spindle rotation was set at level 3 at 1200 rpm, feeding motion was set at level 3 of 0.161 mm / rev. And the depth of cut is set at level 3 of 0.5 mm.

Author Biography

Dian Ridlo Pamuji, Politeknik Negeri Banyuwangi

Dian Ridlo Pamuji

Mechanical Enginering Department

Politeknik Negeri Banyuwangi


MADHAVI, K.S., SREERAMULU, D. dan VENKATESH, M., “Evaluation of Optimum Turning Process of Process Parameters Using DOE and PCA Taguchi Methodâ€, Materials Today: Proceed-ings, v. 4, pp. 1937-1946, 2017.

KALPAKJIAN, S. dan STEVEN, R. S. “Manufacturing Processes for Engineering Materialsâ€, Pren-tice Hall, New Jersey, 2009.

SHI, K., ZHANG, D., REN, J., YAO, C. and HUANG, X., “Effect of Cutting Parameters on Machin-ability Characteristics in Milling of Magnesium Alloy with Carbide Toolâ€, Advances in Mechanical Engineering Vol. 8, pp. 1–9, 2016.

TOMADI, S.H., GHANI, J. A., HARON, C.H.C., AYU, H.M. and DAUD, R., “Effect of Cutting Parameters on Surface Roughness in End Milling of AlSi/AlN Metal Matrix Compositeâ€, Procedia Eng., v. 184, pp. 58–69, 2017.

QEHAJA, N., JAKUPI, K., BUNJAKU, A., BRUCI, M. dan OSMANI, H., “Effect of Machining Parameters and Machining Time on Surface Roughness in Dry Turning Processâ€, Procedia Engineering, v. 100, pp. 135-140, 2015.

AREFI, A.G., DAS, R., SAHOO, A.K., ROUTARA, B.C. dan NANDA, B.K.,â€A Study on the Effect of Machining Parameter in Turning of Lead Alloyâ€, Material Today: Proceedings, V. 4, pp. 7562-7572, 2017.

GUNJAL, S.U. dan PATIL, G.N., “Experiment Investigations Into Turning of Hardened AISI 4340 Steel Using Vegetable Based Cutting Fluids Under Minimum Quantity Lubricationâ€, Procedia Manufacturing, v. 20, pp. 18-23, 2018.

JAGADISH dan RAY, A., “Cutting Fluid Selection for Sustainable Design for Manufacturing: an Integrated Theory,†Procedia Materials Science, v. 6, pp. 450 – 459, 2014.

DAHLIN, J. dan ISAKSSON, M., â€Occupational Contact Dermatitis Caused By N-Butyl- 1,2- Benzisothiazolin-3-One In A Cutting Fluid â€, Contact Dermatitis, v.73, pp. 49–67, 2015.

GAJRANI, K. K., RAM, D. and SANKAR, R.M., “Biodegradation And Hard Machining Performance Comparison Of Eco-Friendly Cutting Fluid And Mineral Oil Using Flood Cooling And Minimum Quantity Cutting Fluid Techniques,†J. Clean. Prod., v. 165, pp. 1420–1435, 2017.

ZHANG, S., LI, F., J. dan WANG, E., Y.,†Tool Life And Cutting Forces In End Milling Inconel 718 Under Dry And Minimum Quantity Cooling Lubrication Cutting Conditionsâ€, Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 32, pp. 81-87, 2012.

MARUDA, R.W., KROLCZYK, G.M., FELDSHTEIN, E., PUSAVEC, F., SZYDLOWSKI, M. dan LEGUTKO, S., “A Study on Droplets Sizes, Their Distribution and Heat Exchange for Minimum Quantity Cooling Lubrication (MQCL),†International Journal Machine Tools and Manufacture, v. 100, pp. 81–92, 2016.

PERVAIZ, S., RASHID, A., DEIAB, I. dan NICOLESCU, M.C., “An Experimental Investigation on Effect of Minimum Quantity Cooling Lubrication (MQCL) in Machining Titanium Alloy (TI6AL4V),†The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, v. 87, pp. 1371–1386, 2016.

MAIYAR, M.L., RAMANUJAM, R., VENKATESAN, K. dan J.JERALD, J., “Optimization of Machining Parameters for End Milling of Inconel 718 Super Alloy Using Taguchi Based Grey Relational Analysis,†International Conference on Design and Manufacturing, v. 64, Pp. 1276-1282, 2013.

MOSHAT, S., “Parametric Optimization of CNC End Milling using Entropy Measurement Technique Combined with Grey-Taguchi Methode,†International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, v. 2, no. 2, pp.1-12, 2010.

MIA, M., AL BASHIR, M., KHAN, A.MD. dan DHAR, R.N., “Optimization Of MQL Flow Rate for Mini-mum Cutting Force and Surface Roughness in End Milling Of Hardened Steel (Hrc 40),†International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, V.89, pp. 675–690, 2017.

SAHU, K.P. dan PAL, S., “Multi-Response Optimization of Process Parameters in Friction Stir Welded

AM20 Magnesium Alloy by Taguchi Grey Relational Analysis,†Journal of Magnesium and Alloys, v.3, pp. 36-46, 2015.

GOHIL, V. dan PURI, Y.M., “Optimization of Electrical Discharge Turning Process using Taguchi-Grey Relational Approach,†Procedia CIRP, v.68, pp. 70-75, 2018.

SHI, K., ZHANG, D. dan REN, J., “Optimization of Process Parameters for Surface Roughness and Microhard-ness in Dry Milling of Magnesium Alloy Using Taguchi With Grey Relational Analysis,†International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, v. 81, pp. 645–651, 2015.

PANDA, A., SAHOO, A.K. dan. ROUT, A. K., “Investigations on Surface Quality Characteristics With Multi-Response Parametric Optimization and Correlations,†Alexandria Eng. J., vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 1625–1633, 2016.




How to Cite

Pamuji, D. R., & Lusi, N. (2019). Optimasi Parameter Proses Bubut Material ST 60 dengan Pendinginan Ramah Lingkungan Menggunakan Metode Taguchi-Grey. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin, 10(3), pp. 245–255. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2019.010.03.5