Pengaruh Variasi Diameter Lubang dan Bentuk Profil Elektroda serta Jumlah Pelat Netral terhadap Produksi Brown Gas

Henry Valentino de Fretes, Sudjito Soeparman, Denny Widhiyanuriyawan

Abstract


Electrolysis is a process of decomposing water molecules (H2O) into hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2) with the help of electrical energy as a trigger for the process. In the electrode process, it takes two electrodes to be placed in water. Electrolysis reaction is a redox reaction, in which the reduction reaction occurs at the cathode forming hydrogen and oxidation occurs at the anode and forms oxygen. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of variations in the diameter of the electrode hole, the shape of the electrode and the number of neutral plates on the production of Brown Gas by using NaOH as a catalyst. The electrodes used are plain, square, circle and cross shape, and the diameter of the electrode hole is 5 mm, 8 mm, 10 mm and 12 mm. besides that the number of neutral plates varied 4 pieces, 6 pieces, and 8 pieces. NaOH dissolved in water has a percentage of 1.77%. From the results of the study, it is shown that the rate of production increased as the number of neutral plates increased and the power needed by the generator also increased, but the efficiency of the generator was smaller. The diameter of the electrode hole and the shape of the electrode also affect Brown gas production, this is because the electrode cross-sectional area in contact with the electrolyte also has different values. The highest productivity value on cross shape electrode, 10 mm electrode hole diameter and the number of neutral plate 8 pieces, and the lowest in the form of the plain electrode, 5 mm hole diameter and 4 neutral plates. The lowest generator efficiency in the electrode variation is a circular shape, the diameter of the electrode hole is 12 mm and the use of 8 neutral plates and the largest in the square electrode, 12 mm electrode hole diameter and 4 neutral plates.

Keywords


Electrolysis; Brown Gas; Neutral Plates

Full Text:

PDF

References


ARIFIN, T., B. RUDIANTO, Y. SUSMIATI. 2015. Studi Penggunaan Pelat Netral Stainless Steel 316dan Aluminium terhadap Performa Generator HHO Dry Cell. Journal Rona Teknik Pertanian. Vol. 8 No 2, pp 116-129, ISSN: 2085-2614

GUNAWAN, ERRY. 2012. Tinjauan Produksi Gas HHO dari 4 Jenis elektrode Stainless Steel. Surabaya: Teknik Mesin, FTI, ITS

HIDAYATULLAH, P. 2015. Diskursus Bahan Bakar Air. SINERGI. Vol. 19, No. 2,pp 129-138, ISSN: 1410-2331

JULIANTO, BANGUN, 2013.Pengaruh Suhu terhadap Hambatan Rangkaian Listrik. Jurnal Fisika UNS. Vol. 3, No. 2,pp. 102-104, P-ISSN 2088-1509

LAKSONO, S.D & WIDHIYANURIYAWAN, DENNY. 2013. Pengaruh Variasi Fraksi Massa NaHCO3 Terhadap Produksi Brown’s Gas Pada Elektrolisis. Skripsi. Tidak Dipublikasi. Malang: Teknik Mesin, Universitas Brawijaya

LESTARI, DEWI YUANITA. 2012. Pemilihan Katalis Yang Ideal. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penelitian, Pendidikan dan Penerapan MIPA. Yogyakarta; UNY

MARLINA, ENA. WAHYUDI, SLAMET dan YULIANTI, LILIS. 2013. Produksi Brown’s Gas Hasil Elektrolisis H2O Dengan Katalis NaHCO3, Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin. Vol. 4, No. 1. ISSN: 0216-468X.

NUGRAHA, EKA F. WIDYA, WIDHIYANURIYAWAN, DENNY & HASLINDA KUSUMANINGSIH. 2016. Pengaruh Jarak Celah Elektrode dan Ketebalan Pelat Terhadap Produktifitas Brown’s Gas Pada Elektrolyzer Dry Cell. Skripsi. Tidak Dipublikasikan. Malang: Teknik Mesin, Uneversitas Brawijaya.

PRAYITNO, YOGI E, WIDHIYANURIYAWAN, DENNY & HASLINDA KUSUMANINGSIH. 2016. Pengaruh Penambahan Pelat Terhadap Produksi Brown’s Gas Pada Generator HHO tipe Dry Cell. Skripsi. Tidak dipublikasikan. Malang : Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya.

SARI, TRI P, WIDHIYANURIYAWAN, DENNY & HASLINDA KUSUMANINGSIH. 2016. Pengaruh Ketebalan Pelat Elektrode dan Fraksi Massa Katalis terhadap Produtifitas Brown’s Gas pada ElektrolisisDry Cell. Skripsi. Tidak Dipublikasikan. Malang: Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya.

SIREGAR, EDY B. MULYA. 2005. Pencemaran Udara, Respon Tanaman Dan Pengaruhnya Pada Manusia. Medan: Program Studi Kehutanan, Fakultas Pertanian, USU.

SOPANDI, IHSAN. HANANTO, YULI, RUDIANTO dan BAYU. 2015. Studi ketebalan Elektrode Pada Produksi Gas Brown (HHO) oleh Generator HHO tipe basah dengan katalis NaHCO3 (Natrium Bikarbonat). Jurnal Rona Teknik Pertanian. ISSSN : 2085-2614.

SYAIFUDDIN, FAHMI. 2016. Performansi Elektrolyzer Dry Cell Pada Beberapa Jenis Material Elektrode dan Jumlah Pelat Netral. Skripsi. Tidak Dipublikasikan. Malang: Universitas Brawijaya.

TAKEUCHI, YASHITO. 2006. Buku Text Pengantar Kimia. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.

TODD, D.,M. SCHWAGER, W. MERIDA. 2014. Thermodynamics of High-Temperature, High-Presure Water Electrolysis. Journal of Power Sources. Vol. 269, pp.424- 429,doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.06.144

UTOMO, GATUT P dan WIYJAYA, RHONY M. 2015. Pemanfaatan Elektrolisis Air Sebagai Alternatif Penghemat Bahan Bakar Sepeda MotorHonda 100 cc. Mekanika Mekanika Jurnal Teknik Mesin. Vol. 1. No. 1. Fakultas Teknik Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya.

WIDHIYANURIYAWAN, D., HAMIDI, NURKHOLIS., WIJONO. 2013. Karakteristik Produksi Brown’s Gas Dengan Menggunakan Tenaga Matahari. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin. Vol. 4, No. 1. ISSN 021-468X.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2019.010.02.7

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.