Pengaruh Woven Angle dan Proses Penekanan terhadap Tegangan Tarik pada Natural Fiber Laminate Composite

Khairul Anam, Anindito Purnowidodo, Sofyan Arif Setyabudi

Abstract


The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of pressure and woven angle on the tensile strength of natural fiber laminate composite. Pandanus tectorius and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) was used as natural fiber and matrix, respectively. The epoxy adhesive joint is used to connect between natural fiber and matrix. The pressure time of 10 s,15 s, 30 s and the pressure of 20 N/mm2, 40 N/mm2, 60 N/mm2 were used in this study. In addition, the angle of the 0o / 90o and 45o / 45o woven angle is used as the initial reference for fiber orientation before pressure is applied. From the results of the study, it can be concluded that the addition of a pressure of 60 N / mm2 and pressure time of 30 s has the highest tensile strength both at the angle of 0o / 90o and 45o / 45o. However, the tensile strength at the angle of 0o / 90o is higher that 45o / 45o. In addition, the number of adhesives decreased with increasing the pressure which will lead to delaminating.

Keywords


Tensile Strength; Woven Angle; Pressure; Natural Fiber; Laminate Composite

Full Text:

PDF

References


K.F. Wang, B.L. Wang. 2018. A Mechanical Degradation Model for Bidirectional Natural fiber Reinforced Composites under Hydrothermal Ageing and Applying in Buckling and Vibration Analysis. Composite Structures 206, pp. 594-600.

Ronald F. Gibson. 1994. Principle of Composite Materials Mechanics. Departement of Metallurgical Engineering, Utah.

Hilmi Iman Firmansyah, Anindito Purnowidodo, Sofyan Arief Setyabudi. 2018. Pengaruh Mechanical Bonding pada Aluminium dengan Serat Karbon terhadap Kekuatan Tarik Fiber Metal Laminates. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol.9, No.2, pp. 127-134.

Jufra Daud Johanis Abanat, Anindito Purnowidodo, Yudy Surya Irawan. 2012. Pengaruh Fraksi Volume Serat Pelepah Gebang (Corypha Utan Lamarck) Terhadap Sifat Mekanik Pada Komposit Bermatrik Epoksi. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol.3, No.2, pp. 352-361.

Rasha M. Sheltami, Ibrahim Abdullah, Ishak Ahmad, Alain Dufresne dan Hanieh Kargarzadeh. 2012. Extraction of Cellulose Nanocrystals from Mengkuang Leaves (Pandanus Tectorius). Corbohydrate Polymers 88, pp. 772-779.

V. Navya Geethika, V. Durga Prasada Rao. 2017. Study of Tensile Strength of Agave Americana Fibre Reinforced Hybrid Composites. Materials Today: Proceedings 4, pp. 7760-7769.

Vignesh P., G. Venkatachalam, A. Gautham Shankar, Anshuman Singh, Rishi Pagaria dan Ankita Prasad. 2018. Studies on Tensile Strength of Sugarcane Fiber Reinforced Hybrid Polymer Matrix Composite. Materials Today: Proceeding 5, pp. 13347-13357.

Goulart, S.A.S., Oliveira, T.A, Teixeira, A., Miléo, P.C., Mulinari, D.R. 2011. Mechanical Behaviour of Polypropylene Reinforced Palm Fibers Composites, Procedia Engineering. 10, pp. 2034–2039.

Budha Maryanti, A. As’ad Sonief dan Slamet Wahyudi. 2011. Pengaruh Alkalisasi Komposit Serat Kelapa-Poliester terhadap Kekuatan Tarik. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol.2, No.2, pp. 123-129.

C. Baillie, C. Rose, R. Murphy, T. Nishino, P. Peltola, R. A. Shanks, D. Plackett, S. H. Aziz and M.P. Ansell, M. Sain and S. Panthapulakkal, N. Tucker, A. Hodzic, J. C. Arnold. 2004. Green Composites: Polymer Composites and Environment. Elsevier.

C. Elanchezhian, B. Vijaya Ramnath, G. Ramakrishnan, M. Rajendrakumar, V. Naveenkumar dan M.K. Saravanakumar.2018. Review on Machanical Properties of Natural Fiber Composites. Materials Today: Proceedings 5, pp. 1785-1790.

Nur Ichsan Rusman. 2015. Pengaruh susunan Lamina Komposit Berpenguat Serat E-glass dan Carbon terhadap Kekuatan Tarik dengan Matrik Polyester.

Noni Nopriantina, Astuti. 2013. Pengaruh Ketebalan Serat Pelepah Pisang Kepok (Musa Paradisiaca) terhadap Sifat Mekanik Material Komposit Poliester-Serat Alam. Jurnal Fisika Unand Vol. 2, No. 3.

George E. Dieter. 1992. Metalurgi Mekanik, Jilid 2, Jakarta: Erlangga.

Crawford. R. J. 1998. Plastics Engineering Butterworth Heinemann.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2018.009.03.1

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.