Pengaruh Campuran Sampah Plastik dengan Katalis Alam terhadap Hasil Produk Pyrolisis


  • Nuryosuwito Nuryosuwito Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri
  • Sudjito Soeparman Universitas Brawijaya
  • Widya Wijayanti Universitas Brawijaya
  • Mega Nur Sasongko Universitas Brawijaya



Pyrolisis, Catalyst, Plastic Garbage, Product of Pyrolisis


Currently, various methods have been developed to overcome the problems caused by garbage. Pyrolysis is one methode of waste processing which is considered to be prospective enough to be developed. It’s because some advantages such as high conversion ratio and high energy content and potency as an alternative fuel in the future. Therefore, in this paper characteristics of pyrolysis will be studied. The waste materials used are catalyst and plastic waste. The resultant products of the pyrolysis process analyzed by Gas Chromatography / Mass Spectroscopy (GC / MS), while the thermal decomposition analysis was performed using Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA). The results of pyrolysis process in isothermal conditions of a single component and a mixture of plastic waste and natural catalyst show that the final temperature of pyrolysis and the rate of heating affects to the distribution of pyrolysis products for all samples. As pyrolytic temperatures increase, liquid and gas products increase, while solid products tend to decrease. In the temperature range of 300°C, 400°C, 500°C, 600oC pyrolysis temperature with a heating rate of 100°C / min is the ideal temperature for obtaining the pyrolysis product of the liquid fraction and and the maximum gas fraction for all waste types studied.


Borsodi, N., Miskolczi, N., Angyal, A., Bartha, L., Kohán, J., dan Lengyel, A., 2011, Hydrocarbons obtained by pyrolysis of contaminated waste plastics, 45th International Petroleum Conference, Bratislava, Slovak Republic.

Casson, A.The HesitantBoom: Indonesia Õs OilPalmSub-Sector in an Era of Economic Crisis and Political Change, Occasional Paper No.29, June 2000, Center for International Forestry Research

Das, S.danPande, S.,2007, Pyrolysis and Catalytic Cracking of Municipal Plastic Waste for Recovery of Gasoline Range Hydrocarbons, Thesis, Chemical Engineering Department National Institute of Technology Rourkela

H. Park, et al., “Pyrolysis Characteristics of Oriental WhiteOak: Kinetic Studyand Fast Pyrolysis in a Fluid- zed Bed withan Improved Reaction System,â€FuelProcessingTechnology, Vol.90, No. 2,2009,pp.186-195.

J.Yang, R.Miranda, and C.Roy. “Using the DTG curve fitting method to determine the apparent kinetic parameters of thermal decomposition of polymersâ€. Polymer Degradation and Stability,vol 73,pp.455-461,2001.

Jones, D.L et all; Biochar-Mediated changes in soil quality and plant growth in a three-year field trial. SoilBiol.Biochem.2012,45 113–124.

Jones, all. Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass via Fast Pyrolysis, Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking: A Design Case; Report No.PNNL-18284; U. S. Department of Energy: Springfield, VA, USA, Jurnal Hasil Penelitian Kimia dan Teknologi, ISSN0216-163X, Vol 1, USB, Solo

K.Panda, R.K.Singhand D.K. Mishra.“Thermolysis of waste plastics to liquid fuel suitable method for plastic waste management and manufacture of value-added products-A world perspectiveâ€. Renewable&SustainableEnergyReviews,vol.14,pp.233-248,2010.

Panda, A.K., 2011, Studies on Process Optimization for Production of Liquid Fuels from Waste Plastics, Thesis, Chemical Engineering Department National Institute of Technology Rourkela.

Sarker, M., Rashid, M.M., Rahman, M.S., dan Molla, M., 2012, Environmentally HarmfulLow DensityWastePlastic Conversion intoKerosene Grade Fuel, Journal of Environmental Protection, 2012, 3, 700 – 708.

Tamilkolundu, S. And Murugesan, C.,2012, The Evaluation of blend of Waste PlasticOil-Diesel fuel for use as alternate fuel for transportation, 2nd InternationalConference on Chemical, Ecology and environmental sciences (ICCEES'2012)SingaporeApril28-29, 2012

Wahyudi,I.,2001.Pemanfaatan Blotong Menjadi Bahan Bakar Cair Dan Arang Dengan Proses Pirolisis. Jurusan Teknik Lingkungan FT SP UP “Veteran†Jatim