Unjuk Kerja Reflektor Radiasi Panas dengan 1 Baris Sirip terhadap Efisiensi Kompor LPG

Sudarno Sudarno, Sudjito Soeparman, Slamet Wahyudi, Agung Sugeng Widodo


It has been known from the previous researchers that the use of the heat radiation reflector can improve the efficiency of the LPG stoves. Based on the radiation theory, the radiation energy is emitted radially in all directions. Therefore, a kind of method to guide the heat radiation is required to minimize the heat losses. One of the method is to add some fins to the reflector in order to capture the potential heat loss from the non-finned reflector. In this work, we use one fin line reflector made from a plate of stainless steel in the shape of cutted-cone. The boiling water test is used to investigate the efficiency of LPG stoves. We find that the efficiency of LPG stoves can be increased by adding one fin line reflector by about 5.21% and 1.75% than that one without reflector and non-finned reflector, respectively. The result of the temperature distribution shows that one fin line reflector enlarges the area of complete combustion.


LPG Stoves; One Fin Line Reflector; Efficiency

Full Text:



Dongbin. Z., Jinsheng, L., Guangchuan, L., Yan, D., Gang. X. and Lihua L., 2007. Effects on Combustion of Liquefied Petroleum Gas of Porous Ceramic Doped With Rare Earth Elements. Journal of Rare Earths. 25: 4-7.

ESDM. 2013. Konversi Mitan ke LPG Hemat Rp 70 Triliun. http://www.esdm.go.id/berita/migas/40migas/6513-konversi-mitan-ke-lpg-hemat-rp-70-triliun.html. (diakses 10 Oktober 2016.

Gohil, P. and Channiwala. 2011. Experimental Investigation of Performance of Conventional Lpg Cooking Stove. Fundamental J. Thermal Science and Engineering. 1 (1): 25-34.

Holman, J.P. 2002. Heat Transfer, sixth edition. Southern Methodist University: Mc Graw-Hill.Ltd.

Incropera, Frank P., David P. De Witt. 1990. Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, third edition. New York: John Willey & Sons. Inc.

Khan, M.Y., and Saxena, A. 2013. Performance of LPG Cooking Stove Using Different Design of Burner Heads. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT). 2 (7): 656-659..

Mishra, N., Mishra, S., Muthukumar, P. 2015. Performance Characterization of A Medium-Scale Liquefied PetroleumGas Cooking Stove With A Two-Layer Porous Radiant Burner. Journals Applied Thermal Engineering. 89 (10): 44-50.

Muthukumar, P., Shyamkumar, P., 2013. Development of Novel Porous Radiant Burners For LPG Cooking Applications. Journals Fuel. 112: 562-566.

Pallawagau, La P. 1989. Pengujian Daya dan Efisiensi Kompor Minyak Tanah Bersumbu. Journal LEMIGAS.

Sudarno, Fadelan. 2016. Peningkatan Efisiensi Kompor LPG dengan Menggunakan Elemen Bara Api. Jurnal Semesta Teknika. 19 (2): 165-175.

Sumadijono, P.A. 2003. Pengaruh Sudut Reflektor Panas Terhdap Efisiensi Kompor Sumbu Standart. Thesis. Tidak dipublikasikan. Surabaya: Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya.

Supono. 2014. Mengenal Lebih Dekat LPG (Liquified Petroleum Gas) sebagai Bahan Bakar untuk Kompor Gas. http://www.vedcmalang.com/pppptkboemlg/index.php/menuutama/departemen-bangunan-30/1131-supono1. (diakses 8 Mei 2017).

Syarial, M. 2012. Unjuk Kerja Kompor Berbahan Bakar Biogas Efisiensi Tinggi Dengan Penambahan Reflektor. Skripsi. Tidak dipublikasikan. Surabaya: Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya.

Turns Stephen R. 1996. An Introduction to Combustion, Concepts, and Application. Southern Methodist University: Mc Graw-Hill.Ltd.

VITA. 1985. Testing the Efficiency of Wood-burning Cookstove International Standards. Revised May.

Wardani, D. 2007. Alat Penghemat Bahan Bakar Gas Pada Kompor Gas Rumah Tangga. Skripsi. Tidak dipublikasikan. Bandung: Institut Teknologi Bandung.

Widodo, A. S., 2014. Selubung Radiasi untuk Efisiensi Penggunaan Energi pada Kompor Gas. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin. 3 (3): 291-295.

Widodo, A. S., 2015. Jarak Optimum Panci Terhadap Selubung Pada Efisiensi Sistem Pemanasan Air. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin. 6 (1): 69-73.

Widodo, A. S., 2016. Peningkatan Efisiensi Sistem Pemanasan dengan Penambahan Grid pada Perforated Burner. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin. 7 (1): 21-25.

World Bank, Energy Department. 1985. Test Results on Kerosene and Others Stoves for Developping Countries. America: Washington.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2018.009.02.2


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.