ANALISIS PENGGUNAAN SISTEM AKTUATOR PNEUMATIK BERTENAGA SURYA TERHADAP KINERJA MESIN PEMOTONG NANAS

Authors

  • Rafil Arizona Rafil Universitas Islam Riau
  • M Iqbal Universitas Islam Riau
  • Kurnia Hastuti Kurnia Universitas Islam Riau
  • Sehat Abdi Saragih Sehat Universitas Islam Riau
  • Shandy Kurniadi Shandy Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/jrm.v15i1.1712

Keywords:

Actuator Pneumatic, Pineapple Cutting Machine, Solar Module, Compressed Air

Abstract

The main objective of this research is to determine the overall performance value of the pneumatic actuator system on a solar-powered pineapple cutting machine. The research methods used are literature study and experimental laboratory. The laboratory experimental method is very suitable to be applied to post-harvest agricultural machines with a small capacity where the research is only focused on the success of the actuator system in carrying out pineapple cutting movements automatically by utilizing pressurized air coming from the compressor. The variation in air pressure for the pneumatic actuator is set at the air pressure, namely 3, 4, and 5 Bar. The actual peeling capacity using air pressure of 3 Bar resulted in 160 pineapple cutting/per hour, 170 fruit/per hour for 4 Bar, 173 bar for 5 bar, and 173 fruit/per hour manually. The efficiency of peeling pineapple manually was 82.8% while using a pneumatic actuator system it was 70.6%. The DC electrical energy storage capacity required for the pneumatic actuator drive system is a battery with a capacity of 80 Ah 12 v which is supplied by electrical energy originating from a 200 Wp solar panel. Solar panels of this size are sufficient to equip a pneumatic actuator system for stripping with capacity of 1 hour/day. The results of this study are expected provide the latest reference for determining the optimal productivity of solar-powered pineapple cutting machines today.

References

S. Sjaf and L. M. Kolopaking, “Strategi Pengembangan Pertanian Hortikultura Buah Nanas Berbasis Pemberdayaan Pemuda Desa,” Sodality J. Sosiol. Pedesaan, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 110–130, 2020.

L. A. Prayudi, “Analysis of Farm in Pineapple (Ananas Comulus (L). Merr) in Sempu Village, District Ngancar, Kediri,” JARES (Journal Acad. Res. Sci., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 10–18, 2018, doi: 10.35457/jares.v2i2.401.

C. Wijaya, M. R. Suhartanto, P. Studi, and D. Agronomi, “Pengemasan Bibit Nanas (Ananas Comosus (L) Merr.) Hasil Kultur Jaringan untuk Mempertahankan Mutu Selama Transportasi,” Bul. Agrohorti, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 59–68, 2023.

R. M. Iswand, N. Asyik, D. Herdhiansyah, M. S. Sadimantara, and H. Sudarmo, “Pelatihan Pengolahan dan Pengemasan Selai Nanas kepada Ibu-Ibu Dasa Wisma Kelurahan Mokoau Kota Kendari - Sulawesi Tenggara,” Pros. Semin. Nas. Pengabdi. Kpd. Masy. 2022, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 122–132, 2023, doi: 10.21009/sarwahita.19k.4.

I. Putra Andika, Strategi Pemasaran Nenas di Desa Rimbo Panjang Kecamatan Tambang Kabupaten Kampar. 2022.

S. Fanny, N. I. Pawana, and Sudiyarto, Semin. Nas. Pembang. Pertan. II, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 74–78, 2017.

M. Asim et al., “A review on pineapple leaves fibre and its composites,” Int. J. Polym. Sci., vol. 2015, 2015, doi: 10.1155/2015/950567.

A. F. A. Hamzah et al., “Recent Updates on the Conversion of Pineapple Waste (Ananas comosus) to Value-Added Products, Future Perspectives and Challenges,” Agronomy, vol. 6, no. 3, p. 1630, 2021.

S. N. Shabrina, M. L. Rayes, and C. Agustina, “Evaluasi Kesesuaian Lahan Untuk Tanaman Nanas Di Das Mikro Supiturung Kecamatan Plosoklaten Kabupaten Kediri Jawa Timur,” J. Tanah dan Sumberd. Lahan, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 515–525, 2021, doi: 10.21776/ub.jtsl.2021.008.2.22.

N. Winahyu, N. Maharani, N. Helilusiatiningsih, V. N. Choirina, and S. D. Angesti, “Perencanaan Bisnis Produk Olahan Berbasis Komoditas Nanas di Kabupaten Kediri,” J. Pertan. Cemara, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 65–76, 2022, doi: 10.24929/fp.v19i1.1983.

Mansur and Nurdiana, “Rancang Ulang Mesin Pengupas Nanas Dengan Menggunakan Engkol Penekan Kapasitas 200 Buah / Jam,” J. Ilm. Tek. Mesin ITM, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 2020.

S. Kurniadi, R. Arizona, and S. A. Saragih, “Pengaruh Penambahan Peralatan Pendukung Pada Solar Cell Terhadap Kinerja Solar Cell,” J. Tek. Mesin Indones., vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2022.

R. E. Putri, D. I. Maulana, and A. Hasan, “Pengembangan Alat Pengupas Kulit Nanas (Ananas comosus) Semi Mekanis,” J. Keteknikan Pertan. Trop. dan Biosist., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 183–193, 2021, doi: 10.21776/ub.jkptb.2021.009.02.09.

I. Keselamatan et al., “Implementasi keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja (k3) pada proyek di kota bitung,” J. Sipil Statik, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 124–130, 2014.

G. M. Sani, E. D. Priyana, and A. W. Rizqi, “Identifikasi Dan Analisis Risiko Kecelakaan Kerja Dengan Metode JSA ( Job Safety Analysis ) Di Bengkel Pemesinan Smk Nurul Islam Gresik,” SITEKIN J. Sains, Teknol. dan Ind., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 300–307, 2022, [Online]. Available: https://ejournal.uin-suska.ac.id/index.php/sitekin/article/view/20001

A. A. Illah, Rancang Bangun Pengupas Nanas Pada Mesin Pembuat Selai Nanas Kapasitas 2,5 Kg/Jam, vol. 1. 2023.

I. Fahrizal, B. Ningsih, E. Parhadi, and L. D. Anjiu, “Pembuatan Alat Pengupas Nanas Sistem Press,” vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 17–21, 2023.

R. Arizona and S. Kurniadi, “Studi Kinerja Pemanfaatan Modul Surya Pada Mesin Pemotong Nanas Berbasis Aktuator Pneumatik,” J. Tek. Mesin, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 158–167, 2021, [Online]. Available: https://publikasi.mercubuana.ac.id/index.php/jtm/issue/view/645

A. Dzulqornaini and P. Adiwibowo, “Rancang Bangun Mesin Pengupas Kulit Nanas Semi Otomatis,” J. Rekayasa Mesin, vol. 02, p. 6, 2015.

P. G. A. L. Siriwardhana and D. C. Wijewardane, “Machine for the Pineapple Peeling Process,” Eng. Technol. Open Univ. Sri Lanka, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 2018.

M. U. M. Krishna Prakasha, Vinay B U Shivakumar, “Automated Pineapple Peeling and Slicing Machine,” Int. J. Curr. Eng. Sci. Res., vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 12–15, 2017, [Online]. Available: http://troindia.in/journal/ijcesr/vol4iss4/12-15.pdf

H. Rahman and Sunarto, “Rancang Bangun Mesin Pengupas Kulit Buah Aren Menggunakan Motor Listrik Sebagai Tenaga Penggerak,” Inovtek seri mesin, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 39–44, 2020, [Online]. Available: http://repository.ummat.ac.id/id/eprint/1283

W. Yenanta and S. Khalis Utama, “Teknologi Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya Untuk Penggerak Energi Listrik pada Mesin Pengupas Nanas,” Sinergi Polmed J. Ilm. Tek. Mesin, vol. 04, no. 02, pp. 87–94, 2023, [Online]. Available: http://ojs.polmed.ac.id/index.php/Sinergi/index

S. Madhankumar, H. Suryakumar, R. Sabarish, M. Suresh, and A. Ummer Farook, “Fabrication of Pineapple Peeling Machine Using Pneumatic Solenoid Valve,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 1059, no. 1, 2021, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/1059/1/012038.

I. Eka Putra and B. Hendra, “Perancangan Dan Pembuatan Alat Pemotong Serat Nanas Menggunakan Sistem Pneumatik,” J. Teknol. dan Vokasi, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 75–80, 2023, doi: 10.21063/jtv.2023.1.1.11.

Sudaryono, Pneumatik dan Hidrolik, no. 1. 2013.

I. Taufik, N. Hidayah, R. W. Idayanti, T. P. Rahayu, and C. Fatikhin, “Konfigurasi Mesin Press Permen Ternak Otomatis Berbasis Sistem Pneumatik Dengan Tiga Aktuator Double Acting Cylinder,” Sci. J. Mech. Eng. Kinemat., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2022, doi: 10.20527/sjmekinematika.v7i1.208.

J. V. Tuapetel and R. Narwalutama, “Perencanaan Sistem Pneumatik Sebagai Penggerak pada Pintu Gerbong Kereta,” STRING (Satuan Tulisan Ris. dan Inov. Teknol., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 244–253, 2022, doi: 10.30998/string.v6i3.10536.

R. Adi Rezkyanto, “Penentuan Kapasitas Sel Surya Dan Baterai Terhadap Karakteristik Beban Listrik,” 2019. [Online]. Available: http://eprints.ums.ac.id/id/eprint/76950

Downloads

Published

2024-05-15

Issue

Section

Articles