STRENGTH CONSIDERATION ON CAR BODY MODIFICATION FOR PANORAMIC TRAIN

Authors

  • Dinny Harnany Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember
  • Reyhan K. A. Adista Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember
  • Achmad Syaifudin Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember
  • Ary Bachtiar Krishna Putra Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember
  • Singgih Priyambodo PT Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/jrm.v15i1.1510

Keywords:

Strength Analysis, Car Body, Railway Vehicle, Finite Element Method

Abstract

Modifying the car body structure from the existing train to another car body type requires an analysis of several factors. The strength of the design due to overload and the durability of the structures due to operational loads need to be re-evaluated. Furthermore, stiffness analysis also needs to determine the characteristics of the structure when it is not loaded. This study numerically analyzed the considerations in selecting the structural steel profile for modification of the existing car body into a panoramic type using the ANSYS Workbench R19. The underframe structure can still be used, and other structures are modified with the UNP profile. The side wall, and roof are changed in shape and size following the glass design of the panoramic train. The solid 3D model is rebuilt into a surface model to simplify the analysis. Static structural analysis is used to clarify the strength of the design under overload, a combination of static and transient structural analysis is applied to calculate the operating life, and modal analysis is chosen to figure out the stiffness. The simulation results showed that the modified design had met the needs and requirements based on the PM 175 standard of 2015 by the Indonesian Ministry of Transportation and the international standard EN-12663.

Author Biographies

Dinny Harnany, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

 

 

Reyhan K. A. Adista, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

 

 

Ary Bachtiar Krishna Putra, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember

 

 

Singgih Priyambodo, PT Kereta Api Indonesia (Persero)

 

 

References

Syaifudin, A., Nurfadillah, E., Farid, A., Windharto, A., "Strength consideration on car body of light rail transit making from aluminum extrusion”, In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1034 012025, 2021.

Suprianto, T., Syaifudin, A., Pamungkas, L.W., Ariatedja, J.B., Farid, A.R., "Effect of Fluctuating Load on Fatigue of PPCW Flat Wagon”, The International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 26-35, 2023.

Lee, H.A., Jung, S.B., Shind, D.H., Lee, J.U., Kim, K.W., Park, G.J., "Structural-optimization-based-design process for the body of a railway vehicle made from extruded aluminum panels", In Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 2007.

Lee, W., Kim, J., Sun, S.J., Lim, J. Y., "The next-generation material for lightweight railway car body structures: Magnesium Alloys", In Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 2016.

Kim, J., Jeong, J.C., Lee, S.J., "Numerical and experimental studies on the deformational behavior of a composite train car body of the Korean tilting train", Composite structures, pp. 168-175, 2007.

British Standard, “Hot rolled products of structural steels – Part 2: Technical delivery conditions for non-alloy structural steels (BS EN 10025-2 :2019)”, BSI Standards Limited, 2019.

Directorate General of Railways, Ministry of Transportation, Republic of Indonesia, “Standar Spesifikasi Teknik Kereta Kecepatan Normal Dengan Penggerak Sendiri”, Jakarta: Ministry of Transportation, Republic of Indonesia, 2015.

British Standard, “Railway applications-structural requirements of railway vehicle bodies (BS EN 126631:2010)”, Chiswick High Road, London: BSI Group, 2010.

Direktorat Jendral Perkeretaapian Kementrian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia, “Persyaratan Teknis Jalur Kereta Api”, Jakarta: Kementrian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia, 2012.

PT. Industri Kereta Api, "Pengujian Statis Carbody Kereta KRDE Tipe M 4 TS", BPPT, Tangerang Selatan, 2020.

Crupi, V., Guo, X., Zhao, Y., "Quantitative Thermocurveic Methodology for fatigue assessment and stress measurement”, International Journal of Fatigue, p. 32, 2010.

Budynas, R.G., Nisbett, K., Shigley's Mechanical engineering Design, 9 ed., New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011.

Chen, H., Grondin, G.Y., Driver, R.G., "Structural Engineering Report No. 258. Fatigue Resistance of High-Performance Steel", University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada, 2005.

Gorash, Y., Mackenzie, D., "On cyclic yield strength in the definition of limits for the characteristic of fatigue and creep behavior”, Open Engineering, 2017.

Hijikata, D., Nishimura, T., "Braking Force Estimation of Each Car”, RTRI Report, Vol. 57, No.2, pp. 98-104, 2016.

Ma, W., Peng, Y., Wang, S., Wang, K., Gao, G., "Investigation of the fracture behaviors of windshield laminated glass used in high-speed trains”, Composite Structures, 2018.

PT. Industri Kereta Api, "Pengujian Rancang Bangun Carbody Sarana KRDE BIAS", PT. Industri Kereta Api, Madiun, 2020.

PT. Kereta Api Indonesia, "01. Perhitungan Berat dan Distribusi Beban K1_4TS K1", PT. Kereta Api Indonesia, Bandung, 2015.

Sharba, M., Leman, Z., Sultan, M., Ishak, M., Hanim, M., "Partial replacement of glass fiber by woven kenaf in hybrid composites and its effect on monotonic and fatigue properties”, Bioresource, 2016.

Spiryagin, M., Cole, C., Sun, Y., Mcclanachan, M., Spiryagin, V., Mcsweeney, T., “Design and Simulation of Rail Vehicles”, Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2014.

Downloads

Published

2024-05-15

Issue

Section

Articles