PHYSICAL-MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF PINEAPPLE LEAF FIBRE REINFORCED IN UNSATURATED POLYESTER RESIN FILLED WITH CALCIUM CARBONATE

Authors

  • Maulana Rachman Universitas Katolik Atma Jaya
  • Kasda Kasda Universitas Subang, Subang 41285, Indonesia
  • Achmad Moeslihat Komara Universitas Subang, Subang 41285, Indonesia
  • Harjadi Gunawan Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Jakarta
  • Djoko Setyanto Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Jakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/jrm.v14i3.1451

Keywords:

Characterization, Calcium Carbonate, Pineapple Leaf Fibre, Unsaturated Polyester Resin

Abstract

Using natural fibres is often recommended as polymer composite materials owing to their potential to reduce the pollution of synthetic material waste. This study aimed to obtain the physical properties of unsaturated polyester resin matrix composite containing calcium carbonate fillers of 15 and 30 parts per hundred weights of the resin and natural pineapple leaf fibre of the amount 20% and 30% of the composite weight. The composite samples were three millimetres thick, with the pineapple leaf fibres arranged in one longitudinal direction. Some parameters observed included density, water absorption, response to fire, hardness, tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, and impact strength. The results showed that adding calcium carbonate filler into the matrix increased the density, water absorption, hardness, and modulus of elasticity of the composite. However, it reduced the flame propagation rate, tensile strength, and impact strength. Also, the use of pineapple leaf fibre contributed to increased water absorption, rate of flame propagation, tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, and impact strength of the composite, but it reduced the density and hardness. As these samples use economical materials, they are likely valuable for building materials that do not require high mechanical properties, especially guttering materials.

Author Biographies

Maulana Rachman, Universitas Katolik Atma Jaya

Mahasiswa S2 di Universitas Katolik Atma Jaya

Methodology, validation, formal analysis, investigation, data curation, writing original draft preparation, visualization, project administration and All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript

Kasda Kasda, Universitas Subang, Subang 41285, Indonesia

Kaprodi S1 Teknik Mesin di Universitas Subang Jawa Barat

Software, validation, supervision, and  All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript

Achmad Moeslihat Komara, Universitas Subang, Subang 41285, Indonesia

Rektor di Universitas Subang Jawa Barat

Software, supervision and All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript

Harjadi Gunawan , Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Jakarta

Kaprodi S1 Teknik Mesin di Universitas Katolik Atma Jaya Jakarta

Software, validation, supervision, and  All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript

Djoko Setyanto, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Jakarta

Dosen dan Pembimbing S2 di Universitas katolik Atma Jaya

Conceptualization, methodology, formal analysis, investigation, data curation,  writing review and editing, visualization, project administration, funding acquisition and  All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript

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Published

2023-12-15

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