STUDY OF ELECTROLESS NICKEL PLATING ON RAPID PROTOTYPING MODEL USING ACRYLONITRILE BUTADIENE STYRENE

Authors

  • Putu Hadi Setyarini Brawijaya University
  • Elvin Stefano Universitas Brawijaya
  • Slamet Wahyudi Universitas Brawijaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2022.013.01.27

Keywords:

electroless nickel plating, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, rapid prototyping

Abstract

Electroless plating on Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) is a metallization process that involves a reduction and oxidation reaction between the nickel source and the substrate material. The purpose of this research is to determine the ability of nickel deposition in the nickel electroless plating process with a specific etching time variation. This nickel electroless procedure begins with a chromic acid etching process that can last anywhere from 15 to 55 minutes and is useful for increasing roughness and creating submicroscopic cavities. After the etching process is finished, the surface roughness test is performed with a Mitutoyo SJ-210. Additionally, the activation step is carried out for 5 minutes in order for the polymer to become a conductor, allowing the plating process to proceed. The electroless plating process was then carried out for 55 and 75 minutes, with the goal of depositing nickel metal on the ABS surface. The coating results were analyzed using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy IRSpirit/ATR-S serial No. A224158/Shimadzu to determine the functional groups formed both before and after the coating process, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) to determine the character of the crystal structure, and phase analysis of a solid material using PANalytical type E'xpert Pro, To determine the surface morphology, the Zeiss EVO MA 10 was used to perform scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) at 1000x magnification. The test findings demonstrate that, based on a range of investigations, etching variations of 15,25,35,45, and 55 minutes etching time 55 minutes are the best nickel deposited substrates, as evidenced by EDS data, where this treatment has the largest weight fraction of nickel. As a result, the longer the etching period, the rougher the surface becomes, affecting the capacity of nickel deposition to increase. Furthermore, it can be demonstrated in this investigation that the nickel deposited is in an amorphous form.

References

MARASSO, S.L., COCUZZA, M., BERTANA, V., PERRUCCI, F., TOMMASI, A., FERRERO, S., SCALTRITO, L., PIRRI, C.F., “PLA conductive filament for 3D printed smart sensing applicationsâ€, Rapid Prototyping Journal, v. 24, n.4, pp. 739–743, May, 2018

FANOUS, M., GOLD, S., MULLER, S., HIRSCH, S., OGORKA, J., SIMANIDIS, G., Simplification of fused deposition modeling 3d-printing paradigm: feasibility of 1-step direct powder printing for immediate release dosage form productionâ€, International Journal of Pharmaceutics, v. 578, 119124, Mar. 2020

KOLLAMARAM, G., CROKER, D.M., WALKER, G.M., GOYANES, A., BASIT, A.W., GAISFORD, S., “Low temperature fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printing of thermolabile drugsâ€, International Journal of Pharmaceutics, v. 545, n. 1–2, pp. 144-152, Jul. 2018

DENG, X., ZENG, Z., PENG, B., YAN, S., KE, W., “Mechanical properties optimization of poly-ether-ether-ketone via fused deposition modelingâ€, Materials, v. 11, n. 2, 216, Jan, 2018

TANOTO, Y.Y., ANGGONO, J., BUDIMAN,W., PHILBERT, K.V., “Strength and dimension accuracy in fused deposition modeling : a comparative study on parts making using ABS and PLA polymers, Rekayasa Mesin, v. 11, n. 1, pp. 69-76, 2020

UDDIN, M.S., SIDEK, M.F.R., FAIZAL, M.A., GHOMASHCHI, R., PRAMANIK, A., “Evaluating mechanical properties and failure mechanisms of fused deposition modeling acrylonitrile butadiene styrene partsâ€, Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, v. 139, n. 8, 081018 (12 pages), Aug, 2017

ALURI, M., MONAMI, B., RAJBANIK, S., SANKARMAMILLA, R., “Review on particle emissions during fused deposition modeling of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene and polylactic acid polymersâ€, Materials Today : Proceedings, v. 44, n. 1, pp. 1375-1383, 2021

BHATIA, A., SEHGAL, A. K., “Additive manufacturing materials, methods and applications: a review†, Materials Today : Proceedings, In Press : Corrected Proof

MAGALHÃESANA, F.F., TAVARESMARA, P.M., FREIRE, G. “Advances in aqueous biphasic systems for biotechnology applicationsâ€, Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, v. 27, 100417, Feb. 2021

ROMANI, A., MANTELLI, A., TRALLI, P., TURRI, S., LEVI, M., SURIANO, R., “Metallization of Thermoplastic Polymers and Composites 3D Printed by Fused Filament Fabricationâ€, Technologies, v. 9, n. 49, 9030049, Jul. 2021.

AKHOURI, D., BANERJEE, D. BIKASH MISHRA, S., “A REVIEW REPORT ON THE PLATING PROCESS OF FUSED DEPOSITION MODELLING (FDM) BUILT PARTSâ€, MATERIALS TODAY: PROCEEDINGS, V. 26, N. 2, pp. 2140-2142, 2020

ZHANG, Y., ZHANG, Y., MATHUR, A., BEN-YOSEPH, S., XIA, S., WU, Y., LIU, N., “An effective and accessible cell configuration for testing rechargeable zinc-based alkaline batteriesâ€, Journal of Power Sources, v. 491, 229547, Apr. 2021

ZHANG, H., KANG, Z., SANG, J., HIRAHARA, H., “Surface metallization of ABS plastics for nickel plating by molecules grafted methodâ€, Surface and Coatings Technology, v. 340, pp. 8-16, Apr. 2018.

SUMAN, R., NANDAN, D., HALEEM, A., BAHL, S., JAVAID, M., “ Experimental study of electroless plating on acrylonitrile butadiene styrene polymer for obtaining new eco-friendly chromium-free processesâ€, Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 28, n. 3, pp. 1575-1579, 2020.

DEVARAJ, S., MCDONALD, A., CHANDRA, S., “ Metallization of porous polyethylene using a wire arc spray process for heat transfer applicationsâ€, Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, v. 30, pp. 145–156, Jan. 2021.

TSAI, H-Y., CERETTI, E., ERIZZI, D., GINESTRA, P., KAO, T-H., “Laser induced metallization on flexible polymer coating: Analysis and application†, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, v. 290, 116986, Apr. 2021 .

HU, Y., XIONG, L., HANG, LI, M.,“ Chemical metallization of ultrathin polymer insulation film for through-silicon via applicationâ€,

Thin Solid Films, v. 734, 138842, 30 September 2021.

BELL, D., SENGPIEL, R., WESSLING, D., “Metallized hollow fiber membranes for electrochemical fouling controlâ€, Journal of Membrane Science v. 594, 117397, 15 January 2020.

HSIEH, S.H., HSIEH, J.M., CHEN, W.J., CHUANG, C.C., “Electroless nickel deposition for front side metallization of silicon solar cells†Materials, v.10, n.8, 942, Aug. 2017

ZEB, G., DUONG, T.L., BALAZINSKI, M., LE, X.T. “Direct electroless deposition of nickel onto silicon nitride ceramic: a novel approach for copper metallization of micro-/nano-fabricated devices, advanced engineering materials†v. 23, 2000598, Feb. 2021

KIM, J.S., SUH, D.C., “Laponite-mediated copper metallization by palladium intercalation †, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, v. 21, n. 8, pp. 4457-4461, Aug. 2021

CHAUDHARIV, A.K., SINGH, B., “A review of fundamental aspects, characterization and applications of electrodeposited nanocrystalline iron group metals, Ni-Fe alloy and oxide ceramics reinforced nanocomposite coatingsâ€, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, v 751, pp. 194-214, Jun. 2018

REN, Y., FANG, T., GONG, Y., ZHOU, X., ZHAO, G., GAO, Y., JIA, J., DUAN, Z., “Enhanced electrochromic performances and pattering of NI-Sn oxide films prepared by a photosensitive sol-gel method†Journal of Material Chemistry C, v. 7, pp. 6964-6971, May. 2019.

Downloads

Published

2022-06-22

How to Cite

Setyarini, P. H., Stefano, E. ., & Wahyudi, S. . (2022). STUDY OF ELECTROLESS NICKEL PLATING ON RAPID PROTOTYPING MODEL USING ACRYLONITRILE BUTADIENE STYRENE . Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin, 13(1), 275–281. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jrm.2022.013.01.27

Issue

Section

Articles