• Heri Suripto Universitas Pasir Pengaraian
  • Saiful Anwar Universitas Pasir Pengaraian
  • Amri Abdulah Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Wastukancana



Hybrid Energy, Solar Energy, Hydro Energy, Pahl and Beitz Method, Module Output Power


Hybrid power is a combination of two or more alternative energy sources to produce high-efficiency electrical energy under different load conditions. Hybrid energy research has been carried out through previous research, including combining solar and wind, solar and biomass, hydro, thermal, wind, solar and solar with thermoelectric generators. This study designs a hybrid power plant model based on solar and hydroelectricity with a water circulation system. Water falling from the upper reservoir into the lower reservoir is returned to the upper reservoir using an electric pump, and this study is a development of previous research related to alternative hydropower. The method used in this study is the Pahl and Beitz method, including design sketches, material selection, fabrication, and testing phases. The solar cell frame design produced by the Pahl and Beitz process is 100 cm high and 65 cm wide, and the module type used is a 3-piece polycrystalline module. The average power output produced by the 3 solar panels to the cells was 19.76 watts. The test produced 850 watts of total hybrid power, 600 watts DC from solar, and 250 watts DC from hydro.


BAJPAI, P., & DASH, V., “Hybrid renewable energy systems for power generation in stand-alone applications: A review. Renew Sustain Energy”, Rev [Internet], v.16, n.5, 2926–39, 2012.

ZUBAIR, A., ABDULLA, T. A., & HASAN M. M., “Optimal Planning of Standalone Solar-Wind-Diesel Hybrid Energy System for a Coastal Area of Bangladesh”. Int J Electr Comput Eng, v.6, n.2, 731–8, 2012.

RAYMOND, D. B., MARTIN, A. C., & MARC, A. R., “Feasibility Study of a Hybrid Matahariand Wind Power System For an Island Community in the Bahamas”. International Journal Of Renewable Energy Research, v.6, n.3, 2016

MARIA, F. A. V., FERNANDO, R. M., ENIO, B. P., “Case study for hybrid power generation combin-ing hydroand photovoltaic energy resources in the Brazilian semiarid region”. Clean Technologies and Environmental Polycristalline, 2019

REZA, H., “Optimal cogeneration and scheduling of hybrid hydro-thermal-wind-mataharisystem in-corporating energy storage systems”. Journal Of Renewable And Sustainable Energy, v.10, n.1, 2018

MUHAMMAD, S. J., DAN, Z., TAO, M., AOTIAN, S., SALMAN, A., “Hybrid pumped hydro and bat-tery storage for renewable energy based power supply system” Applied Energy, v.25, n.7, 2020

A. D. DHASS., S. HARIKRISHNAN., “Cost effective hybrid energy system employing solar-wind-biomass resources for rural electrification”. International Journal Of Renewable Energy Research, v.3, n.1, 2013

YASHWANT, S., S.C. Gupta., & AASHISH, K. B., “Review of hybrid renewable energy systems with comparative analysis of off-grid hybrid system”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, v.81, 2018

MOHAMAD, R., NURMALA, S. D., RIFALDO, P., “Perancangan Prototype Hybrid Energi Antara MatahariCell Dan Thermoelectric Generator (Teg)”. Gorontalo Journal of Infrastructure and Science Engineering, v.3, n.1, 2020

SLAMET, H., GATOT, S., & MUHAMAD, W. F., “Pembuatan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Hybrid MatahariCell dan Pico Hydro di Dusun Wukirsari”. Journal of Approriate Technology for Community Services, v.2, n.1, 2021

TONG, W., HAO, Z., & LIXIA, S., “Optimal sizing of a grid-connected hybrid renewable energy sys-tems considering hydroelectric storage”. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects, 2020

DANA, A. C., LINDA, B., & GHEORGHE, L., “Real-time stochastic power management strategies in hybrid renewable energy systems: A review of key applications and perspectives”. Electric Power Systems Research, 2020

LANRE, O., SAAD, M., M.S.Ismail., M.Moghavvemi., “Energy management strategies in hybrid renewable energy systems: A review”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, v.62., 2016

SHAOPENG, G., QIBIN, L., JIE, S., & HONGGUANG, J., “A review on the utilization of hybrid re-newable energy”. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, v.91., 2018

E.N. NYECHE, E.O. DIEMUODEKE., “Modelling and Optimisation of a Hybrid PV-Wind Turbine-Pumped Hydro Storage Energy System for Mini-Grid Application in Coastline Communities”. Journal of Cleaner Production, n250., 2020

HERDI, S., HERRI, D., MUKHLIZAR., NUZULI, F., “Performa Panel Surya 2x50 WP Pada Mesin Panen Padi Mini Dua Lajur”. Rekaysa Mesin, v.12, n.2, 2021